Aldactone is a brand name for a spironolactone medication. Spironolactone belongs to a group of medicines called aldosterone receptor antagonists. What these medicines do is get rid of any excess sodium and water stored in the kidneys. This material is excreted through urine. At the same time, these medications ensure the body won’t lose too much potassium. More specifically, Aldactone is often prescribed to patients whose bodies make too much of a hormone called aldosterone.
An excess of aldosterone is actually just one medical condition for which Aldactone can be prescribed. In fact, this drug treats a wide variety of ailments. It can also be given to people who have potassium levels that are too low, as well as patients who retain too much fluid. This fluid retention, called edema, can result from kidney or liver disease, or be caused by problems with the heart. And this drug can also be used, in some instances, to treat high blood pressure, either by itself or in concert with other drugs. (Aldactone doesn’t cure high blood pressure; rather, it’s used simply as a tool to help a patient manage his or her blood pressure.) There are also cases in which a doctor will prescribe this medication to a child who is entering puberty before the age of nine. Sometimes it can be used as a remedy for female facial hair. In other instances, Aldactone is used to treat MG, or myasthenia gravis, a condition where a person loses muscle and bladder control, has problems seeing and speaking, and often feels weak or numb, all because of a malfunctioning of the nerves. And there are other uses for this medication in addition.
If your doctor prescribes you Aldactone, you’ll take this drug in tablet form at least once a day, usually in the morning. Some patients will take an Aldactone tablet in the morning and then another one later on in the day. And in some cases, you’ll start taking this medication in a lower dose and work your way up slowly to a larger daily dose. In any event, your doctor will give you specific instructions; make sure you follow these instructions exactly. Take Aldactone for as long as it’s prescribed to you, and take it at the same times every day. Don’t stop taking this medication just because you start feeling better, either; keep taking it until the prescription runs out.
You may or may not be eligible to use Aldactone. Be sure to discuss any and all medications, vitamins and herbal supplements you’re taking, as one or more of these may cause a harmful reaction when mixed with Aldactone. Also, if you have kidney or liver disease nor, or have ever had one of those problems in the past, let your doctor know, as this may disqualify you from being able to take Aldactone safely. Your doctor may not want you to take this drug if you’re pregnant, and you certainly shouldn’t take it if you are breastfeeding an infant.
When you are on Aldactone, you want to avoid alcohol, or at least reduce your intake of alcohol, as per your doctor’s instructions. Alcohol and Aldactone mixed together in your system can cause dizziness and even fainting when you get up from lying down. Also, you may or may not be able to have surgery, even dental surgery, during the period you’re taking this medication. Further, you might have to reduce your consumption of salt and potassium while on Aldactone. Again, your doctor will be able to provide you with specific instructions in these regards.
Side effects of Aldactone can include vomiting, cramps, dry mouth, diarrhea, headaches, increased and sensitive breast tissue, irregular menstruation, erectile dysfunction, extra hair or fatigue. Contact your doctor should any of these symptoms persist or cause you major problems. Also seek medical help immediately should you experience a more severe side effect such as irregular heartbeat, confusion, being unable to move your arms and legs, bleeding, yellow skin or eyes, flu-like symptoms, hives, blood in your vomit or vision problems.